Types of Arthritis

Arthritis is a disease that affects the joints in the body and the tissues that surround these joints. The most common parts of the body to be affected by arthritis include fingers, wrists, knees, toes and hips.
There are five major types of arthritis that affect people:

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Lupus

What is osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. Today, more than 350 million people in the world suffer from arthritis. Of this, 40 million belong to the United States. As of today, over 21 million people in the US have been diagnosed with osteoarthritis – a chronic condition that makes joints and bones weak and brittle.

Often, patients with osteoarthritis believe there is nothing that can be done to help them or relieve their pain. In fact, non-surgical intervention through diet and exercise can go a very long way to handling the problem. Surgical aid can also provide patients with immense relief from the pain commonly associated with arthritis and osteoarthritis.

Causes of osteoarthritis

This condition sets in because of overuse of the joints. Too much exercise, writing for long periods of time, activities like gymnastics & dance all lead to the cartilage in joints weakening over time. Even obesity can lead to the onset of osteoarthritis, where excessive fat present in the body adds too much pressure on the joints, weakening them completely.

Heberden’s Nodes

These bony lumps or growths that occur on the fingers due to the onset of osteoarthritis are called Heberden’s Nodes. These nodes are actually new bone, which grow on top of the old bone, due to excessive wear and tear of the bones that occur due to osteoarthritis.

Unlike the lumps that form in rheumatoid arthritis, Heberden’s Nodes cannot be surgically removed. However, treatment can be given to relieve the pain and stiffness the fingers experience because of these nodes.

At the Hand and Microsurgery Medical Group, Dr. Joshua Gordon, MD and Dr. Leonard Gordon, MD have designed bespoke treatments to treat cases of arthritis. Their extensive experience in the field of orthopedics makes them very well-qualified to treat all arthritic conditions and in particular, osteoarthritis. Visit them for treatment at their San Francisco, California medical center.

Restoring Health,
One Hand at a Time

Early signs which indicate the onset of osteoarthritis.

You should consider visiting the Hand and Microsurgery Medical Group for treatment, if you notice yourself experiencing one or more of the following symptoms:

  • Pain in the fingers or the wrist.
  • Difficulty to move or bend the fingers properly.
  • Difficulty in rotating the wrist.
  • Tenderness and swelling in the fingers or wrist region.
  • Stiffness in the joints.
  • Onset of pain and stiffness in various parts of the body.

Depending on the type of arthritis, both surgical and non-surgical treatments are excellent for arthritis. The doctors at our clinic may recommend surgery to you to relieve the pain and stress experienced by your joints and to manually reposition joints that may have come out-of-place due to arthritis. The doctors may even completely replace the affected joints and put in place new ones made from medical-grade plastic or metal. This will bring down pain, swelling and joint stiffness significantly.

If you are suffering from arthritis and have decided to do something about it, feel free to contact our center. We are more than happy to answer any questions you may have about your arthritis or our treatments.

Osteoarthritis is a debilitating and degenerative condition. Currently, there is no known cure to treat osteoarthritis completely. However, you can still learn how to best manage the condition, without losing your quality of life. This is where our team at the Hand and Microsurgery Medical Group come in.

Alleviating symptoms of arthritis and osteoarthritis through diet & exercise

Dr. Joshua Gordon, MD and Dr. Leonard Gordon, MD can advise you on the changes you need to make to your diet and exercise regime, in order to relieve the symptoms of osteoarthritis.

One thing the doctors recommend to patients diagnosed with arthritis and particularly osteoarthritis is to consume the right foods. For example, fish, olive oil, dairy, dark leafy greens, broccoli, green tea, garlic and nuts contain the nutrients necessary to make joints and cartilage healthy. On the other hand, processed foods, sugar and refined carbohydrates must be avoided, because make arthritic inflammation worse.

The second thing the doctors recommend is exercise. The correct workouts can reduce the stiffness, pain and swelling in the joints. Some of the hand exercises patients can follow when diagnosed with osteoarthritis are:

  • Fist open and close
  • Finger bends
  • Thumb bends
  • Figure O with thumb and fingers
  • L table bend
  • Finger lifts
  • Wrist stretches

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